According to a report on the ‘Impact of NEET on Medical Admissions in Tamil Nadu’ it has revealed that in 4 years of its implementation the widespread entrance examination laid the muse stone to “shift the axis of education from the TNSBSE to CBSE, and on its part, the NEET, at least in science stream, has reasonably played its role.”
Since NEET is skewed in direction of the CBSE syllabus, there’s a marked rise of their quantity, particularly in science streams, to avail extra MBBS seats in authorities schools.
The information collected and analysed underneath the chairmanship of Justice AK Rajan has been categorised underneath totally different sections on medium instruction, boards, sorts of faculty to recommend how CBSE grew exponentially in 4 years.
“As CBSE students are on the rise to avail more MBBS seats in government colleges, to the tune of 26.83% in 2020-21 (post-NEET) from a meagre 0.11% in pre-NEET and the HSc students fared down from >65% to 43.13% in 2020-21, everyone is tempted to pursue CBSE,” mentioned the report including that these finding out within the Tamil Nadu State Board of Secondary Education (TNSBSE) colleges lose confidence of their research.
Further evaluation exhibits that that is the rationale the proportion of the TNSBSE college students making use of for admission in MBBS has fallen down by roughly 30 per cent however that of the CBSE college students elevated by 31 per cent within the post-NEET interval.
When one seems to be on the twelfth commonplace college students who studied underneath TNSBSE and tracks their efficiency for the previous ten years it sees an “ever-increasing student size in HSC since 2011 till 2017 has slipped down to 12.7%, with a loss in student size of 113,322, between 2017 and 2020, in the post-NEET period.”
The data shows slip from 8,93,262 in 2017 to 7,79,940 in 2020.
Meanwhile, 12th standard students who studied through different mediums of instruction, the data shows the quantum of students who have studied 12th standard under TNSBSE and their chronological size.
Of the three categories mentioned – Thamizh, English and other languages – if students of Thamizh and English mediums are considered, which is significant, in the post-NEET period, the “Thamizh medium students size went down by 24.8% whereas, that of the English medium rose to 8.4% between the period of 2017 and 2020.”
In 2017, English medium was 3,28,054, Tamil medium at 5,63,157 and other languages at 2,051. In 2020, Tamil medium was 4,23,278, English medium was 3,55,734 and other languages 928.
With the gender classification of standard 12th students, there is data to suggest the migration to CBSE in the post NEET phase.
The trend for the past ten years reveals, “Between the boys and girls, the girls-students size is approximately 7% more than the boys throughout the decade.” The report has tables and data to imply that the actual size of the boys and girls fell by 14.4 per cent and 11.2 per cent respectively in 2020 compared to 2017.
The committee report suggests, “If this is seen with the facts and compared with the growth in size of CBSE students in Tamil Nadu, the reason for this downfall could be traced. Probably, the students would have migrated to the CBSE from TNSBSE.”
Further, the 12th standard students who studied in different types of schools in Tamil Nadu indicate that until 2016 both the government schools and government-aided schools have managed their student size stable, while the private schools showed steady growth in their student size.
“Post-NEET period, in the cases of government and government-aided schools, the student-size fell down by 18.5% and 14.1% respectively, whereas, in the same period, the private schools have maintained their student strength much unaltered,” said the report further concurring with the assertions made from earlier mentioned data that “they would have migrated to the CBSE.”
The overall percentage of science stream students in 12th standard in different school types in the Post-NEET period has dropped down from 43.03 per cent to 35.94 per cent. Though there was no such drop in the years before NEET.
There are similar trends observed in all types of institutions of government. Students of government-aided schools show 31.22 per cent reduction followed by that of the government (26.49 per cent) and private (24.88 per cent) in the science stream.
“But the trend was upward growth in the pre-NEET period. This indicates that the introduction of NEET has negatively impacted the student enrolment in the Science stream,” said the report.
According to the report, the probability is “the NEET has discouraged the students from enrolling in the Science stream in 12th (TNSBSE) and encouraged them to migrate to CBSE.”
If we take into consideration the year-wise MBBS admission – pre-NEET and post-NEET period, then it is evident how in the pre-NEET period the state board achieved majority seats, and compared to English medium students the Tamil medium students had obtained at least some share. The story is the same with the government students who had achieved some seats even though not much.
The post-NEET system has taken away even the little that was available resulting in further disproportionate seat sharing.
“The CBSE students exponentially increased their share to several folds in the post-NEET, while the English medium students had grown to become the largest seat holder in the Post-NEET from the status of the second largest holder in the pre-NEET period,” said the report.
“Until the 7.5% reservation was introduced, in 2020-21, the government students were the worst affected lot by the NEET,” it added.
As per the data of students belonging to various boards (TNSBSE/CBSE/Other) who had applied for and been allotted MBBS seats in Tamil Nadu medical colleges, both government and self-financed, for the past 10 years, if the size of the applicants who applied for and those who have secured admissions in MBBS program are compared between these groups (Boards), it is revealed that between Pre-NEET and post-NEET periods, “the rate of the applicants of the TNSBSE students has radically decreased from approximately 95% in pre-NEET period to 64.27% in 2020-21,” that is as opposed “to an exponential increase in the surging applicants of CBSE (from an average of 3.17% in pre-NEET to 32.26% in 2020-21),” mentioned the report.
The share of the TNSBSE college students making use of for admission in MBBS fell down by roughly 30 per cent however that of the CBSE college students elevated by 31 per cent.
Studying admissions in each authorities and self-financed schools there’s a diametrically reverse sample of admission from the TNSBSE and CBSE college students.
“In the case of government college admissions, while an upward trend of > 65% seats were filled by the TNSBSE students in the pre-NEET period; it went down to the lowest 43.13% in 2020-21,” mentioned the report.
In distinction, the CBSE college students who had been at a negligible price (common 0.11 per cent) of admission in pre-NEET rose to a quantum leap of 26.83 per cent in 2020-21.
Further evaluation exhibits “a huge rise in the admission of the CBSE Board students to 22.66 per cent in the government seats in the post-NEET period from a meagre 0.100% in the pre-NEET, while the rate of admission of the TNSBSE students to the government college fell from 70.11 per cent in the pre-NEET to 46.77 per cent in the post-NEET,” the report revealed.
The share of the opposite board candidates has additionally barely elevated from 0.243 per cent within the pre-NEET to 1.763 per cent within the post-NEET. The same development could possibly be observed within the case of self-financed school admission.