Experts say the falling variety of jobs throughout sectors and larger occupancy of females with family chores through the pandemic has meant that restoration in feminine workforce participation is way slower in comparison with male workforce.
Data from the periodic labour pressure survey by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation exhibits the feminine unemployment fee in city India at 13.1% for October-December quarter of 2020, which is larger than the nationwide common of 10.3%, whereas ladies labour pressure participation fee stood at 20.6% in comparison with nationwide common of 47.3%.
The unemployment fee for feminine workforce was 9.6% within the October-December quarter of 2019, went as much as 10.6% within the January-March 2020 quarter earlier than touching an all-time excessive of 21.1% within the April-June quarter of final yr. It, nonetheless, cooled off to fifteen.8% within the July-September 2020 interval.
Even labour pressure participation fee for ladies in city areas had fallen to a low of 19.6% within the April-June interval of final yr as a result of a nationwide lockdown through the first wave of the pandemic. This recovered marginally to twenty.3% within the following quarter.
“Given the labour market reality with a limited number of jobs available, employers are more likely to prefer male workers to female workers. On the supply side, given the rise in paid and unpaid tasks for women due to the pandemic, male workers are more likely to make themselves available for work than females,” labour knowledgeable KR Shyam Sundar, stated.